Virtual Coexistence in a Persian Diasporic Weblog Community

Samad Zare

Abstract


Abstract

This paper is part of a longitudinal study on a group of Iranians migrants residing in Australia. It focuses on the formation of a virtual community among a group of Persian bloggers in the diaspora. The paper starts with an overview of virtual communities and the conditions that need to be met for any online group to be considered a community. This is followed by the communicative characteristics of weblogs that allow for community formation. The discussion then moves specifically to the examination of the existence of a sense of community (SOC) among the Persian bloggers in the diaspora by highlighting different communication features of these weblogs and analysing their social networks. In doing so, the discussion concentrates on the performances of the bloggers and their interactions with each other, and the way they perform cultural identity in their virtual circles. The findings show the importance of virtual spaces for diasporic groups and how they are used to form clos-knit circles in the diaspora.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams, A. (2004). Diaspora, community and communication: Internet use in transnational Haiti. Global Networks, 4(2), 199-217. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0374.2004.00087.x

Akar, E., Mardikyan, S., & Dalgic, T. (2018). User roles in online communities and their moderating effect on online community usage intention: An integrated approach. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction. 1-19. doi:10.1080/10447318.2018.1465325

Äkkinen, M. (2005). Conceptual foundations of online communities. Working paper (W-387), Information Systems Science, Helsinki School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.

Alinejad, D. (2010). Mapping homelands through virtual spaces: transnational embodiment and Iranian diaspora bloggers. Global Networks, 11(1). 43-62. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0374.2010.00306.x

Al-Rawi, A., & Fahmy, S. (2018). Social media use in the diaspora: The case of Syrians in Italy. In K. Karim & A. Al-Rawi (Eds.), Diaspora and media in Europe: Migration, identity, and integration, (pp. 71-96). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Androutsopoulos, J. (2006). Introduction: Sociolinguistics and computer-mediated communication. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10(4), 419-438. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9841.2006.00286.x

Baltar, F., & Brunet, I. (2012). Virtual snowball sampling method using Facebook. Internet Research, 22(1), 57-74. https://doi.org/10.1108/10662241211199960

Bar, S. (2004, October). Iran: Cultural values, self images, and negotiation behaviour. Paper presented at the Institute for Policy and Strategy, The Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy IDC, Herzliya, Israel.

Blanchard, A. L. (2004). Blogs as virtual communities: Identifying a sense of community in the Julie/Julia Project. In L. J. Gurak, S. Antonijevic, L. Johnson, C. Ratliff, & J. Reyman (Eds.), Into the blogosphere: Rhetoric, community, and culture of weblogs. Retrieved from http://blog.lib.umn.edu/blogosphere/blogs_as_virtual.html

Blanchard, A. L. (2008a). Definition, antecedents, and outcomes of successful virtual communities. Retrieved from http://www.psych.uncc.edu/alblanch/Blanchard_VC_ENC.pdf

Blanchard, A. L. (2008b). Testing a model of sense of virtual community. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 2107–2123. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2007.10.002

Blanchard, A. L., Askay, D. A., & Frear, K. A. (2011). Sense of Community in Professional Virtual Communities. In S. Long (Ed.), Virtual communities: Concepts, methodologies, tools and applications, (pp. 1805–1820. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Chang, H. H., Hsieh, P. H., & Fu, C. S. (2016). The mediating role of sense of virtual community. Online Information Review, 40(7), 882-899. https://doi.org/10.1108/OIR-09-2015-0304

Chen, C. D., & Huang, L. T. (2011). Online deception investigation: Content analysis and cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Business and Information, 6(1), 91-111.

Efimova, L., & Hendrick, S. (2005). In search for a virtual settlement: An exploration of weblog community boundaries. Retrieved from https://doc.telin.nl/dsweb/Get/Document-46041/

Fozi, N. (2018). Why the lack of research on Iranian emigrants, asylum seekers, and refugees? Retrieved from http://www.ror-n.org/-blog/why-the-lack-of-research-on-iranian-emigrants-asylum-seekers-and-refugees

Frank-Job, B., & Kluge, B. (2015). Multilingual Practices in Identity Construction: Virtual communities of immigrants to Quebec. FIAR: Forum for Inter-American Research, 8(1), 85-108. Retrieved from http://interamerica.de/volume-8-1/job_kluge/

Georgiou, M. (2014). Diaspora in the digital era: Minorities and media representation. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe, 12 (4), 80-99. Retrieved from https://www.ecmi.de/publications/category/jemie/

Goudenhooft, G. (2015). Diaspora is going online. Identity, language and digital communication. Journal of Romanian Literary Studies, 6, 150-159. Retrieved from http://www.upm.ro/jrls/?pag=JRLS-06/vol06-Rls

Hermon B. O., & Warden, S. (2018). Information and knowledge sharing within virtual communities of practice. South African Journal of Information Management, 20(1), a956. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v20i1.956

Herring, S. C. (2004). Computer-mediated discourse analysis: An approach to researching online communities. In S. A. Barab, R. Kling, & J. H. Gray (Eds.), Designing for virtual communities in the service of learning, (pp. 338-376). Cambridge, U.K. and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ho, T. K., & Lin, Y. T. (2016). The effects of virtual communities on group identity in classroom management. Journal of Educational Computing Research 54(1), 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1177/0735633115611645

Jones, Q. (1997). Virtual-communities, virtual settlements & cyber archeology: A theoretical outline. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communications, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.1997.tb00075.x

Lazakidou, A. A. (ed.) (2012). Virtual Communities, Social Networks and Collaboration. New York, NY: Springer.

Mata-Domingo, S. (2018). Evaluation on the Effectiveness and Usability of the Developed Collaborative Interaction Management System. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(1), 122-133. Retrieved from http://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/347

Márque, J., Peña, C., Jones, L., Orange, A., & Simieou, F. (2018). Academic success and resiliency factors: A case study of unaccompanied immigrant children. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 2(1), 162-181.

McMillan, D. W., & Chavis, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. Journal of Community Psychology, 14(1), 6-23. https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6629(198601)14:1<6::AID-JCOP2290140103>3.0.CO;2-I

Mitra, A. (2000). Virtual commonality: Looking for India on the Internet. In D. Bell & D. M. Kennedy (Eds.), The cybercultures reader, (pp. 676–694). London: Routledge.

Navarrete, A. C., & Huerta, E. (2006). Building virtual bridges to home: The use of the internet by transnational communities of immigrants. International Journal of Communications, Law & Policy (Special issue, Virtual Communities). Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1683606

Preece, J., & Maloney-Krichmar, D. (2005). Online communities: Design, theory, and practice. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10(4), article 1. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2005.tb00264.x

Rao, K.V. (1998). India network: The first case study of a virtual community. Computer Communications, 20, 1527-1533. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-3664(97)00159-X

Rheingold, H. (1994). The virtual community: Finding connection in a computerized world. London, UK: Minerva.

Rotman, D., & Wu, P.F. (2014). Sense of community in virtual environments. In J. M. Leimeister & R. Balaji (Eds.), Virtual Communities, (pp. 36-48). New York, NY: Routledge.

Smith, R. (2002, June). Actual and possible uses of cyberspace by and among states, diasporas, and migrants. Paper presented at Virtual Diasporas and Global Problem-Solving Project. Nautilus Institute, Berkeley, CA.

Solas, E., & Sutton, F. (2018). Incorporating Digital Technology in the General Education Classroom. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(1), 1-15. Retrieved from http://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/338

Sonn, C. C. (2002). Immigrant adaptation: Understanding the process through sense of community. In A.T. Fisher, C. C. Sonn, & B. J. Bishop (Eds.), Psychological sense of community, (pp. 205-222). New York, NY: Kluwer.

Suliman, M., Shah, M., Ullah, A., & Jamal, H. (2016). Ethnicity Based Social Exclusion of Nomads in Khyber District Malakand, Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 3(1), 11-19.

Stolterman, E., Agren, P. O., & Croon, A. (1999). Virtual communities-why and how they are studied. Retrieved from http://www8.informatik.umu.se/~mjson/vircom/stagcr1.html

Tami-Maury, I., Brown, L., Lapham, H., & Chang, S. (2017). Community-based participatory research through virtual communities. Journal of Communication in Healthcare, 10(3), 188,194. https://doi.org/10.1080/17538068.2017.1337604

Tsikerdekis, M., & Zeadally, S. (2014). Online deception in social media. Communications of the ACM, 57(9), 72-80. Retrieved from https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2663191&picked=prox

Ullah, A., Ashraf, H., & Shah, M. (2016). Understanding perceptions about the role of traditional practices regarding inheritance with relation to inheritance feud settlement: A case study of District Mardan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 3(2), 1-10

Vijayavalsalan, B. (2018). Students’ Impressions on the Effectiveness of Online Discussion Forums. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(1), 86-108. Retrieved from http://ressat.org/index.php/ressat/article/view/344

Waters, S., & Russell, W. B. (2016). Virtually ready? pre-service teachers’ perceptions of a virtual internship experience. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 1(1)1-23.

Wenger-Trayner, E., & Wenger-Trayner, B. (2015). Communities of practice: A brief introduction. Retrieved from http://wenger-trayner.com/introduction-to-communities-of-practice/

Yao, A. (2009). Enriching the migration experience: Blogging motivations, privacy, and offline lives of Filipino Women in Britain. First Monday, 14(3). Retrieved from http://firstmonday.org/article/view/2163/2100

Zare, S. (2018). Persian diasporic bloggers and virtual performances of cultural identities. International Journal of Society, Culture, & Language, 6(2). 102-112. Retrieved from http://www.ijscl.net/article_32641.html

Zeiden, D. (1996). A closer look at Iran. Retrieved from http://members.fortunecity.com/davidz/A.CLOSER.LOOK.AT.IRAN.htm


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies  E-ISSN: 2149-1291

Copyright © JECS Publishing Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ejecs.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

doaj_logo_new_120   EBSCO_logo_new_120