Ethnicity Based Social Exclusion of Nomads in Khyber District Malakand, Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan

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  • Mussawar Shah Professor and Chairman Dept. of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan



This study aims at finding the links of ethnicity factors in social exclusion of nomads. The study nature was descriptive with main focus on to measure the association of ethnicity with social exclusion. The study notes the ethnic inequality within institutional rules, social attitudes and general practices and its contribution to social exclusion of nomadic communities. Social exclusion occurs because of numerous factors beyond individual or groups control, such as, religion, ethnicity, color, clan etc. It is multi-dimensional in nature, thus one factor, like ethnicity followed by unemployment, illiteracy, housing problems and lack of access to health care leads to social exclusion. This paper explores the contribution of ethnic affiliations’ contribution in shaping exclusionary processes of nomads’, with special focus on their relationship with the groups representing a dominant ethnic characteristics. The study was conducted during the year 2015 in Tehsil Dargai, District Malakand. A sample size of 97 respondents out of population of 130 was selected through random sampling procedure. The data was collected by using a five level Likert scale. Chi square test was used to ascertain the association between ethnicity based deprivations and social exclusion among nomads. At bi-variate level, social exclusion of nomads was found significantly associated with the stereotype perceptions of the people about nomadic way of life (P = 0.001) and the way policies are devised in our country (P = 0.004). Devising such policies that ensure special facilities to nomads and ensure their access to basic life facilities and public awareness to overcome the prejudices regarding nomadic way of life were major study recommendations


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Author Biography

Mussawar Shah, Professor and Chairman Dept. of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan

Professor, Chairman Dept. of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan


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How to Cite

Shah, M. (2016). Ethnicity Based Social Exclusion of Nomads in Khyber District Malakand, Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 3(1), 11–19.



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