The Impacts of Tourism on Cultural Identity on Lisbon Historic Neighbourhoods

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cultural identity, gentrification, multiculturalism, tourism, touristification.


In the past last decades tourism was long perceived as a solution to remediate to economic crisis and recessions, while the impacts were secondary and weren’t qualified. Focusing of the consequences of tourism development, the identities of historic urban areas were constantly been neglected as essential features and symbols of their attractiveness. However, long before tourism, modifications of cities spatial structures and social geography were conducted by governments as strategies to repopulate certain urban areas abandoned for historical or economic reasons. For instance, through gentrification, urban rehabilitation or revitalisation, the urban structures became more appealing and attracted investments that strengthen local economies. Nevertheless, these transformations have dismantled cultural patterns and were amplified by touristification. This investigation deals with gentrification and urban rehabilitation as precursors of tourism growth and how it influences a neighbourhood’s cultural identity. Using a historic touristic destination as an example gave leverage to the understanding of the repercussions. Lisbon historic neighbourhoods; Alfama, Mouraria and Bairro Alto, influenced our understanding with the active participation of the residents as co-contributors of this research. Findings confronted our pre-existing understandings on tourism growth to the impacts generated on cultural identity.


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Author Biographies

Pauline Daly, Universidade Lusófona, Portugal

Pauline is a researcher in tourism and cultural studies

Alvaro Lopes Dias, Universidade Lusófona and ISCTE-IUL, Portugal

Álvaro Lopes Dias is a Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship at Universidade Lusófona and ISCTE-IUL, both in Lisbon, Portugal and a tourism researcher at Universidad de Sevilla. Ph.D. in Management and MBA in International Business. Professor Dias has over 26 years of teaching experience. He has had several visiting positions in different countries and institutions including Brazil, Angola, Spain, Poland, and Finland. He regularly teaches in English, Portuguese, and Spanish at undergraduate, master and doctorate levels, as well as in executive programs. Professor Dias has produced extensive research in the field of Tourism and Management, including books, book chapters, papers in scientific journals and conference proceedings, case studies, and working papers.

Mafalda Patuleia, Universidade Lusófona, Portugal

PhD in Tourism from the Faculty of Economics of the University of Algarve. Graduated in Tourism at INP and obtained a Master degree from ISCTE in Communication, Culture and Information Technologies. She is the Head of Tourism Department of the Lusófona Group and Dean of the Higher Institute of New Professions (INP), where she also teaches, among other subjects, Tourism Studies and Sociology of Leisure and Tourism. She is President of the Technical and Scientific Council of INP. She teaches at various national and foreign universities. She writes in several newspapers related to tourism.


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How to Cite

Daly, P., Dias, A. L., & Patuleia, M. (2020). The Impacts of Tourism on Cultural Identity on Lisbon Historic Neighbourhoods. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 8(1), 1–25.



Original Manuscript
Received 2020-09-02
Accepted 2020-10-18
Published 2020-11-11