Perceptions of the 'Proper Family' in Palestinian-Arab Society in Israel as Reflected in Family Members' Drawings


Abstract views: 351 / PDF downloads: 278

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/1405

Keywords:

Palestinian-Arab family, family members, doing family, visual content-analysis

Abstract

Family lives in Palestinian-Arab society in Israel have undergone considerable changes in recent decades. These changes have made it difficult to understand what is meant by family in everyday life. The aim of the present study is to examine the differences in the perception of the family and the image of “a proper family” through drawings created by Palestinian-Arab women and men in Israel (n=106). This can be analyzed as a prism of discussion regarding how people identify what is expected of families. It also raises the question of “family boundaries” in contemporary Palestinian-Arab society in Israel and what is recognized as family relationships. The drawings’ analysis included a set of questions regarding both the content—the theme of the drawing, main situations, characters, and symbols—and the forms, composition, and colors used. Reading the drawings visually illuminated various perceptions of a family as expressed by the participants. This visual content analysis enhances sociological comprehension about the desirable family life in light of gender relationships, family size, and domestic everyday practices which negotiate the global and the local.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Tal Meler, Zefat Academic College

Tal Meler (Ph.D.) – Senior lecturer in sociology and gender studies on research track at Zefat Academic College. My areas of specialization include: sociology of the family; Palestinian family and Palestinian women in Israel; economic violence in Palestinian families and urbanization within Palestinian society in Israel. My recent work on these topics have been published in Sociological Review, Journal of Middle East Women StudiesMarriage & Family Review, Advances in Life Course Research.

Shahar Marnin-Distelfeld, Zefat Academic College

Shahar Marnin-Distelfeld is a faculty member at the department of art, literature and music in Zefat Academic College, Israel. She is the curator of the art gallery at Oranim College of Education and teaches there some art theory classes. Her studies focus on Israeli art and gender, contemporary Jewish and Arab painters in Israel, Holocaust-related art and sociology of art.

References

Abu-Baker, K. (2016). Gender policy in family and society among Palestinian citizens of Israel: Outside and inside influences. In E. Ben-Rafael, J. H. Schoeps, Y. Sternberg, & O. Glöckner (Eds.), Handbook of Israel: Major debates. (pp. 453 – -474). De Gruyter Oldenbourg. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110351637-035

Abu-Rabia-Queder, S. (2017). The paradox of professional marginality among Arab-Bedouin Women. Sociology 51(5), 1084–1100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038516641621

Abufarha, N. (2008). Land of symbols: Cactus, poppies, orange and olive trees in Palestine. Identities, 15(3), 343–368. https://doi.org/10.1080/10702890802073274 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10702890802073274

Arlosoroff, M. (2017). Arabs are Israel’s new yuppies. Haaretz. http://www.themarker.com/news/macro/1.4161799

Bachelard, G. (2020). Poetique de l’espace [The poetics of space] (G. Hieronimus, Ed.). Quadrige. (Original work published 1957)

Ben-Zvi, T. (2014). The landscape of Asim Abu Shaqra. Journal of Levantine Studies, 3(2), 99–128.

Charles, N. (2014). Animals just love you as you are: Experiencing kinship across the species barrier. Sociology, 48(4), 715–730. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038513515353 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038513515353

Charmaz, K. (2003). Grounded theory. In J. A. Smith (Ed.), Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods (pp. 81–110). Sage Publications, Inc.

Cherlin, A. J. (2006). On single mothers “doing” family. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(4), 800–804. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00294.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00294.x

DeVault, M. L. (1991). Feeding the family: The social organization of caring as gendered work. The University of Chicago Press.

Dipesh, K. (2015). Visual ethnography, thick description and cultural representation. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 9, 147–160. https://doi.org/10.3126/dsaj.v9i0.14026 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/dsaj.v9i0.14026

Donath, O. (2017). Regretting motherhood: A study. North Atlantic Books.

Fogiel-Bijaoui, S. (2020). Families in Israel in the 21st century. The personal, the national, the global - a contemporary view of families in Israel. Trial Scales, 13,1–27.

Gabb, J., & Fink, J. (2015). Couple relationships in the twenty-first century. Palgrave Pivot. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137434432

Geertz, C. (1973). Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. In Interpretations of cultures. Basic Books.

Gur-Mizrachi, H. (2021). Friends on four: How much does it cost to raise a pet. Ma'ariv. https://www.maariv.co.il/business/consumerism/Article-877051

Gvion, L. 2006. Culinary bridges versus culinary barriers. Social and political aspects of Palestinian cookery in Israel. Jerusalem: Carmel.

Illouz, E. (2002). Tarbut Hacapitalism [The culture of capitalism]. Ministry of Defense.

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. (2021) Yom-hamispacha: Mishpachot vemiskey-bait be-Israel. [Family day: Families and households in Israel]. https://www.cbs.gov.il/he/mediarelease/DocLib/2021/047/11_21_047e.pdf

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. (2022a). Uclusia be-Israel erev Rosh-hashana 2022. [Population of Israel on the eve of 2022]. https://www.cbs.gov.il/he/mediarelease/DocLib/2021/447/11_21_447b.pdf

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. (2022b). Leidot vepiryon be-Israel, 2020. [Births and fertility in Israel, 2020]. https://www.cbs.gov.il/he/mediarelease/DocLib/2022/062/01_22_062b.pdf

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. (2022c). Yom haisha haben-leumi, 2022, [International women's day 2022]. https://www.cbs.gov.il/he/mediarelease/DocLib/2022/076/11_22_076b.pdf

Lotman, Y. (1990). Universe of the mind: A semiotic theory of culture. Indiana University Press.

Lück, D., & Castrén, A. M. (2018). Personal understandings and cultural conceptions of family in European societies. European Societies, 20(5), 699–714. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616696.2018.1487989 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616696.2018.1487989

Lück, D., & Ruckdeschel, K. (2018). Clear in its core, blurred in the outer contours: Culturally normative conceptions of the family in Germany. European Societies, 20(5), 715–742. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616696.2018.1473624 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616696.2018.1473624

Lück, D., Diabaté, S., Zehl, F., Book, A., Macke, L., Hüsgen, F., Muth, L., Gnoth, V., Dupeyron, M., Dreschmitt, K., & Brunnengräber, M. (2018). Family in pictures (FiB 2015): The study’s methodology report.Research report. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bib-dmb-2018-020

Lück, D., Ruckdeschel, K., Dechant, A., & Schneider, N. F. (2022). Family demography and values in Europe: Continuity and change. In A. M. Castrén, V. Cesnuityt, I. Crespi, J. A. Gauthier, R. Gouveia, C. Martin, A. M. Mínguez., & K. Suwada (Eds.), Family demography and values in Europe: Continuity and change (pp. 85–106). Macmillan. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73306-3_5

Malchiodi, C. A. (2004). Understanding children’s drawings. Kiryat-Bialik.

McLuhan, M. (1967). The Medium Is the Massage: An Inventory of Effects. Penguin Books.

Meler, T. (2015). The right to “adequate housing” – Palestinian-single mothers in Israel. International Journal of Gender and Women's Studies, 3(2), 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15640/ijgws.v3n2a8

Meler, T. (2017). The Palestinian family in Israel: Simultaneous trends. Marriage & Family Review, 54(8), 781-810. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01494929.2017.1359810

Morgan, D. H. (1996). Family connections: an introduction to family studies. Polity Press.

Morgan, D. H. (2020). Family practices in time and space. Gender, Place and Culture, 27(5), 733–743. https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369X.2018.1541870 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369X.2018.1541870

Piperno, F., Di Biasi, S., & Levi, G. (2007). Evaluation of family drawings of physically and sexually abused children. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 16, 389–397. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-007-0611-6 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-007-0611-6

Ram, U. (2008). The globalization of Israel: McWorld in Tel Aviv, jihad in Jerusalem. Routledge.

Rose, G. (2012). Visual methodologies: An introduction to researching with visual materials. SAGE Publications.

Roseneil, S., Crowhurst, I., Hellesund, T., Santos, A. C., & Stoilova, M. (2020). The tenacity of the couple-norm: Intimate citizenship regimes in a changing Europe. UCL Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv13xpsd5

Ruspini, E. (2015). Diversity in family life: Gender, relationships and social change. Policy Press University of Bristol.

Sa’ar, A. (2017). The gender contract under neoliberalism: Palestinian-Israeli women’s labor force participation. Feminist Economics, 23(1), 54–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/13545701.2016.1190028 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13545701.2016.1190028

Sa’ar, A. (2020). Tarbutizm: Dilemot shel regishut tarbutit beyachasi miut-rov. [Culturism: Dilemmas of cultural sensitivity in majority-minority relations]. Ma’asei Mishpat, 11, 119–140.

Sabbah-Karkabi, M. (2021). Education, gender ideology, and housework in the Palestinian family in Israel: Implications of contradictory social change. Journal of Family Issues, 42(4), 839–862. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X20930332 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X20930332

Sabbah-Karkaby, M., & Stier, H. (2017). Links between education and age at marriage among Palestinian women in Israel: Changes over time. Studies in Family Planning, 48(1), 23–38. https://doi.org/10.1111/sifp.12015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sifp.12015

Sarkisian, N. (2006). Doing family ambivalence: Nuclear and extended families in single mothers’ lives. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(4), 804–881. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00295.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00295.x

Sezgin, Y. (2017). Women and personal status in Muslim minority states: A comparison between India and Israel. In H. Yazbek & L. Kozma (Eds.), Personal status and gender: Palestinian women in Israel (pp. 81–108). Pardes.

Smooha, S. (2019). The Jewish ethnic divide and ethnic politics in Israel. In R. Y. Hazan, A. Dowty, M. Hofnung, & G. Rahat (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Israeli Politics and Society. Oxford Handbooks. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190675585.013.12

Spector-Mersel, G. (2010). The narrative research as an interpretative research paradigm. Research Paths. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/ni.20.1.10spe

Zarhin, D., Karanevsky-Samnidze, A., & Aharon, M. (2022). Co-sleeping with partners and pets as a family practice of intimacy: Israeli couples’ narratives of creating kinship. Sociology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/00380385221081365 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00380385221081365

Zerubavel, E. (1997). Social mindscapes: An invitation to cognitive sociology. Harvard University Press.

Zoabi, K., & Anson, Y.J. (2017).'Multiple bargaining patriarchy: Perception of fertility among educated Arab women in Israel. Israeli Sociology, 19(1), 67–91.

Downloads

Published

2023-01-26

How to Cite

Meler, T., & Marnin-Distelfeld, S. . (2023). Perceptions of the ’Proper Family’ in Palestinian-Arab Society in Israel as Reflected in Family Members’ Drawings. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 10(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/1405

Issue

Section

Original Manuscript
Received 2022-09-25
Accepted 2022-12-06
Published 2023-01-26