Negative Politeness Strategies in Jordanian EFL Textbook Dialogs: A Content Analysis of Action Pack 5 through 10

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content analysis, dialogs, Jordan, negative politeness, textbooks


Social, humane and cultural values mandate that a certain level of politeness in day-to-day exchanges be maintained. Therefore, politeness strategies are among the first language functions taught in foreign language curricula. This study examines the inclusion of negative politeness strategies in the dialogs of the prescribed  Jordanian English as a foreign language textbook, Action Pack, for grades 5 through ten. The content analysis is informed by the theoretical principles of politeness theory (Brown & Levinson, 1987). The dialogs in the fifth- through tenth-grade textbooks were content analyzed for speech acts denoting negative politeness, using both qualitative and quantitative measures. The analysis commenced with coding, after which the occurrences were identified and tallied per the codes. Ten negative politeness strategies were identified in addition to one, which comprised an amalgamation of two of these strategies in one speech act. The findings revealed that Jordanian Action Pack textbooks included more negative politeness strategies in grades 5 and 6 than in grades 7, 8, 9, and 10, with being indirect and using questions to reduce imposition and offense as the most frequent.


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Author Biographies

Ruba Fahmi Bataineh, Al-Ahliyya Amman University

Ruba Fahmi Bataineh is a professor of TESOL at the Department of English and Translation, dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, and the director of the Language Center at Al-Ahliyya Amman University (on sabbatical leave from the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University), Jordan.

Fatima A. Salman, Yarmouk Univerity

Fatima AbdulKareem Salman, a PhD candidate in TEFL at the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University, Jordan, has worked as a university lecturer, teacher and translator for eighteen years in Jordan and Oman.

Hydaya J Al.Roumi

Hydayah Jobran ALRoumi, a PhD candidate in TEFL at the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University, Jordan, is currently a teacher at the Ministry of Education.

Rabya Sh Al.Jawarneh , Yarmouk Univerity

Rabya Sha’ban Al Jawarneh a PhD candidate in TEFL at the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University, Jordan, is currently a part-ime instructor at the University of Jordan.

Amani G Shkour

Amani Ghazi Shkour is a PhD candidate in TEFL at the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Sherin Adnan Okour, Yarmouk Univerity

Sherin Adnan Okour is a PhD candidate in TEFL at the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University, Jordan.

Dina A. Al Jamal , Yarmouk Univerity

Dina AbdulHameed Al-Jamal is a professor of TEFL at the Department of Curriculum and Methods of Instruction at Yarmouk University, Jordan.


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How to Cite

Bataineh, R. F., Salman, F. A., Al.Roumi, H. J. ., Al.Jawarneh , R. S., Shkour, A. G., Okour, S. A., & Al- Jamal, D. A. (2023). Negative Politeness Strategies in Jordanian EFL Textbook Dialogs: A Content Analysis of Action Pack 5 through 10. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 10(5), 136–146.
Received 2023-07-08
Accepted 2023-08-11
Published 2023-12-19