You Have the Right to Exclaim Your Pain: Honoring Black Familial Voices Impacted by Police Induced Trauma in the United States


Abstract views: 1172 / PDF downloads: 2133

Authors

  • Allen Lipscomb California State University Northridge, Social Work Department

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/296

Keywords:

Black families, police induced trauma, Narrative methodology, Black action research

Abstract

The impetus of this Black Action Research was to explore the lived experiences of Black families exposed to physical assault, emotional abuse, murder, and racial profiling by law enforcement (i.e. police induced trauma). Narrative qualitative methods were selected to conduct this body of research. The study utilized a Critical Race Theoretical orientation as a framework to honor counter-storytelling in understanding these experiences that often go untold, unheard and unnoticed. A total of 10 narratives were shared of which all resided in Los Angeles County and identified as Black/African American. The results that were found after analyzing the narratives revealed the following emergent themes: (a) aggressive racial profiling that goes unchecked, (b) fear for Black men and boys (c) surviving police encounters via avoidance, and (d) predominant conversation of race throughout one’s lifetime. The goal of this article is to speak truth through Black action research methodology in order to bring about recognition, validation and healing.     

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Allen Lipscomb, California State University Northridge, Social Work Department

Allen Eugene Lipscomb, PsyD, LCSW, Assistant Professor in the Social Work Department. His areas of research are centered on the psychiatric epidemiology among racialized and marginalized individuals who have experienced trauma (i.e. complex trauma, traumatic-grief and race-based trauma). Specifically, Dr. Lipscomb has conducted numerous qualitative research studies on racialized Black identified men across the Black/African Diaspora exploring their grief, loss and complex-trauma experiences.

References

Abrams, L., & Moio, J. (2010). Critical race theory and the cultural competence dilemma in social work education. Journal of Social Work Education, 45(2), 245-261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5175/JSWE.2009.200700109

Alexander, M. (2011). The New Jim Crow. New Press.

Alpert, G. (2015). Police Use of Force. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.), 18, 255-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.45073-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.45073-7

Aymer, SR. (2016). “I can’t breathe”: A Case Study – Helping Black Men Cope with Race-Related Trauma Stemming from Police Killing and Brutality. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. 18 (26), 367-76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2015.1132828

Carbado, D., & Rock, P. (2016). What exposes African Americans to police violence? Harvard Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Law Review, 51(1), 159-187.

Chaney, C., & Robertson, R. (2013). Racism and police brutality in America. Journal of African American Studies, 17(4), 480-505. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12111-013-9246-5

Chaney, C., & Robertson, R. (2015). Armed and dangerous? An examination of fatal shootings of unarmed black people by police. Journal of Pan African Studies, 8(4), 45.

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Sage.

Crotty, M. (2004). The foundations of social research: Meaning and perspective. Sage.

Denzin, N., & Lincoln, Y. (2005). The sage handbook of qualitative research (3rd ed.). Sage.

Glesne, C. (2011). Becoming qualitative researchers: An introduction (4th ed.). Pearson.

Eberhardt, J., Goff, P., Purdie, V., Davies, P., & Dovidio, J. (2004). Seeing Black: Race, crime, and visual processing. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 87(6), 876-893. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.87.6.876

Fridell, L., & Lim, H. (2016). Assessing the racial aspects of police force using the implicit- and counter-bias perspectives. Journal of Criminal Justice, 44, 36-48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.12.001

Hummer, R. (1996). Black‐White differences in health and mortality. Sociological Quarterly, 37(1), 105-125. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.1996.tb02333.x

Hurtado, Aída, & Hurtado, Aída. (1996). The color of privilege: Three blasphemies on race and feminism (Critical perspectives on women and gender). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3998/mpub.9839

James, W. Y. (2019). Imprint of Racism: White Adult Males’ Transformational Experience from Racial Antipathy to Racial Reconciliation. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 3(1), 93-116. https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/5813 DOI: https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/5813

Jeffries, J. (2001). Police brutality of Black men and the destruction of the African-American community. The Negro Educational Review, 52(4), 115-130.

Kolivoski, K., Weaver, A., & Constance-Huggins, M. (2014). Critical race theory: Opportunities for applications in social work practice and policy. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 95(4), 269-276. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1606/1044-3894.2014.95.36

Kotluk, N., & Kocakaya, S. (2018). Culturally Relevant/Responsive Education: What do teachers think in Turkey. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 5(2), 98-117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/123

LaPaglia, K. (2018). Book Review: Critical pedagogy: Notes from the real world. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 2(2), 150-153.

Males, M. (2014). Who are police killing? Retrieved from http://www.cjcj.org/news/8113

Marger, M. (2012). Race and ethnic relations: American and global perspectives (9th ed.). Stamford, CT: Wadsworth.

Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Mrs. Clinton’s Campaign Speech. (1996, January 25). https://www.c-span.org/video/?69606-1/mrs-clinton-campaign-speech

Mitchell, Roger. (2000). The Student National Medical Association police brutality position statement. Retrieved from http://www.snma.org/_files/live/snma_policy_brutality.pdf

Nelson, J. (Ed.). (2001). Police brutality: An anthology. Atlanta, GA: WW Norton & Company.

Petersen, N., & Ward, G. (2015). The transmission of historical racial violence. Race & Justice, 5(2), 114-143. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2153368714567577

Plant, E. A., & Peruche, B. M. (2005). The consequences of race for police officers’ responses to criminal suspects. Psychology Science, 16(3), 180-183. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0956-7976.2005.00800.x

Sagar, H., Schofield, J., & Manis, M. (1980). Racial and behavioral cues in Black and White children's perceptions of ambiguously aggressive acts. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 39(4), 590-598. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.39.4.590

Staples, R. (2011). White power, Black crime and racial politics. The Black Scholar, 41(4), 31-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00064246.2011.11413574

The Gurdian. (2016, August). People killed by the police in the U.S. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/series/counted-us-police-killings

United States Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health. 2015. Available at: http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlid=1.

Uprety, L. (2009). Qualitative Research by Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y. 2005. Nepalese Journal of Qualitative Research Methods, 1, 64-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/njqrm.v1i0.1976

Utsey, S., Ponterotto, J., Reynolds, A., & Cancelli, A. (2000). Racial discrimination, coping, life satisfaction, and self-esteem among African Americans. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78(1), 72-80. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb02562.x

Washington Post. (2018). Database of Police Killings; 2018. Retrieved from Available from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings

Williams, D., & Williams-Morris, R. (2000). Racism and mental health: The African American experience. Ethnicity & Health, 5(3-4), 243-268. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/713667453

Downloads

Published

2020-05-18

How to Cite

Lipscomb, A. (2020). You Have the Right to Exclaim Your Pain: Honoring Black Familial Voices Impacted by Police Induced Trauma in the United States. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(1), 131–142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/296

Issue

Section

Original Manuscript
Received 2019-09-29
Accepted 2020-05-02
Published 2020-05-18