From the Traumas of the Caribbean to a Revival of Resistant Literature: A West Indian Discourse

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  • Nayera Mohammed Hassan Jouf University-Saudia Arabia Minia University- Egypt



Caribbean, diaspora, literature, migration, post-colonial, resistance.


This paper presents the history of the Caribbean peoples, their traumas, migrations, and their endeavors to recreate a collective cultural identity and go beyond their de-homing status. It focuses on the emergence of a resistant Caribbean literature that has helped in raising the voice of the Caribbean peoples. It conveys their yearnings, anxieties, and confusions, suggesting both geographic displacement and psychological dislocation. Within a post-colonial world that has remained dependent and underdeveloped, migration to Europe became an inevitable process. West Indian writers joined these successive waves of arriving migrants initiating a literature of exile. Later, several exiled post-colonial writers rejected the status of exile in favor of that of a migrant. This shift to the immigrant genre resulted in the writer's acceptance of his or her duality and ambivalence. In this study, the focus of research is to be narrowed down to Anglo-Caribbean writers and those of British West Indies. Hence, this approach to history adopts a descriptive documentary method, based on decisive incidents in the lives of these diasporic people. It relies, as well, on the opinions of theoreticians, writers, and scholars. The findings of this study indicated that Caribbean resistance, in the face of racism and marginalization, is an ongoing process in our contemporary world. They also showed an apparent revival of Caribbean writing, which scholars expect to play a role in enriching and adding to the British and American literatures. 


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Author Biography

Nayera Mohammed Hassan, Jouf University-Saudia Arabia Minia University- Egypt

Assistant Professor of English Literature- College of Arts, Jouf University , Saudia Arabia

Lecturer of English Literature- College of Arts, Minia University , Egypt


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How to Cite

Hassan, N. M. (2020). From the Traumas of the Caribbean to a Revival of Resistant Literature: A West Indian Discourse. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(2), 173–194.



Original Manuscript
Received 2020-06-14
Accepted 2020-07-10
Published 2020-07-16