Cultural and Language Effects of Migration: The Case of Migrants and Chuvash People in the Republic of Bashkortostan (Russia)

Olga Kobzeva, Elena Kolomoets, Artem Lukyanets, Larisa Korotaeva

Abstract


According to the World Migration Report there are 11.6 million migrants in Russian Federation, the majority of which (43%) have come from countries of Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The study aims to evaluate the impact of migration on both migrant and host cultures to establish the changes in native languages and cultures of migrant ethnic groups in the Russian Federation under the influence of a single state language. For the study, the authors used statistical data of the Russian Federal State Statistics Service, findings of the 1920-2010 censuses, and mathematical modeling of cultural changes based on differential equation. The case of Chuvash people living in the Republic of Bashkortostan was explored by the mathematical modeling method to identify the alien cultural influence on the recipient country, with a particular emphasis on changes in the local language. The direct correlation has been found between the extent to which the migrant community preserve their homeland traditions at a new place and the probability of shifts in the host country’s culture. The preservation of migrants’ native language in everyday living demonstrates a high probability of replacing the host language by the migrant one in their environment (the probability is 5-10% higher than the expected level for 7 districts and 11 to 50% - in 8 districts out of 26 studied). The results may have practical use in evaluating the probability of major cultural shifts across the world as the international mass migration increases in volume and scope.


Keywords


acculturation, cultural fusion, mathematical model, Russian Germans, transregional migration.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afanasiev, M. P., & Shash, N. N. (2019). Russian federation cross-border investments and bank expansion in Russia. Public Administration Issue, 6, 105-120. https://doi.org/10.17323/1999-5431-2019-0-6-105-120

Akhvanderova, A. D., & Korotaeva, L. V. (2018). Dialect vocabulary denoting actions and states of subjects in the Chuvash dialects of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Bulletin of ChGPU, 3(99), 26-31.

Bhugra, D., Watson, C., & Ventriglio, A. (2020). Migration, cultural capital and acculturation. International Review of Psychiatry, 33(1-2), 126-131. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2020.1733786

Croucher, S. M., & Kramer, E. (2017). Cultural fusion theory: An alternative to acculturation. Journal of International & Intercultural Communication, 10(2), 97-114. https://doi.org/10.1080/17513057.2016.1229498

Dounia, M. (2020). Transnational practices and emotional belonging among early 20th-century Greek migrants in the United States. Genealogy, 4(3), 90. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy4030090

Erten, E. Y., van den Berg, P., & Weissing, F. J. (2018). Acculturation orientations affect the evolution of a multicultural society. Nature Communications, 9(1), 58. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02513-0

Fox, M., Thayer, Z., & Wadhwa, P. D. (2017). Assessment of acculturation in minority health research. Social Science & Medicine, 176, 123-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.01.029

German National District. (2020). Official site of German National District in the Altai Territory. Retrieved March 3, 2021, from http://www.admin-nnr.ru/

Greeks of Russia. (2020). Federal national and cultural autonomy of Greeks of Russia. Retrieved March 3, 2021, from https://rusgreek.ru/

Gurer, C. (2019). Refugee Perspectives on Integration in Germany. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 3(2), 52-70. https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/6433

Gurieva, S., Kõiv, K., & Tararukhina, O. (2020). Migration and adaptation as indicators of social mobility migrants. Behavioral Sciences, 10(1), 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10010030

Haenni Hoti, A., Wolfgramm, C., Müller, M., Heinzmann, S., & Buholzer, A. (2019). Immigrant students and their teachers–exploring various constellations of acculturation orientations and their impact on school adjustment. Intercultural Education, 30(5), 478-494. https://doi.org/10.1080/14675986.2019.1586214

Hassan, M., & Bezbaruah, M. P. (2020). Inequality in the dynamics of development: Post-globalisation changes and 21st century challenges. Space & Culture, India, 8(1), 68-77. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v8i1.701

International Organization for Migration. (2020). World Migration Report. Retrieved March 3, 2021, from https://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/wmr_2020.pdf

Jamal, A., Kizgin, H., Rana, N. P., Laroche, M., & Dwivedi, Y. K. (2019). Impact of acculturation, online participation and involvement on voting intentions. Government Information Quarterly, 36(3), 510-519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2019.04.001

Khilazheva, G. F. (2019). The contribution of international migration to the demographic and migration potential of the Republic of Bashkortostan. In Human potential of Russia of the 20th century in the context of modernization (pp. 186-191). Yekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Melkonian, M., Areepattamannil, S., Menano, L., & Fildago, P. (2019). Examining acculturation orientations and perceived cultural distance among immigrant adolescents in Portugal: Links to performance in reading, mathematics, and science. Social Psychology of Education, 22(4), 969-989. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-020-09542-6

Nasritdinov, E. (2016). ‘Only by learning how to live together differently can we live together at all’: Readability and legibility of Central Asian migrants’ presence in urban Russia. Central Asian Survey, 35(2), 257-275. https://doi.org/10.1080/02634937.2016.1153837

Nayar, S., & Wright St.Clair, V. (2020). Multiple Cultures – One Process: Undertaking A Cross Cultural Grounded Theory Study. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 4(3), 131-145. https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/9310

Nikiforova, E., & Brednikova, O. (2018). On labor migration to Russia: Central Asian migrants and migrant families in the matrix of Russia's bordering policies. Political Geography, 66, 142-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2018.04.006

Paquet, M., & Xhardez, C. (2020). Immigrant integration policies when regions decide ‘who comes in’: The case of Canadian provinces. Regional Studies, 54(11), 1519-1534. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2020.1808881

Paulsen, D. (2020). Preserving native culture on a foreign ground-traditional Chinese culture among Chinese immigrant New Yorkers [Master's thesis]. University of Oslo.

Rasool, S., & Zhang, J. (2020). Bangladeshi, Indian, and Pakistani Parents’ Perceptions of Their Children’s Academic Achievement in Southwest Florida. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 4(3), 146-160. https://doi.org/10.29333/ajqr/9337

Regional Encyclopedic Portal. (2020). Bashkir encyclopedia. Retrieved March 3, 2021, from http://www.bashenc.ru/

Ruchkin, V. A., Eremin, S. G., Zaitseva, E. A., Zamylin, E. I., & Pechnikov, G. A. (2019). Migration processes and socio-economic development of the regions. Amazonia Investiga, 8(24), 516-525.

Russian Federal State Statistics Service. (2020). Rossta. Retrieved March 3, 2021, from https://www.gks.ru/

Ryabichenko, T. A., & Lebedeva, N. M. (2016). Assimilation or integration: Similarities and differences between acculturation attitudes of migrants from Central Asia and Russians in Central Russia. Psychology in Russia: State of the art, 9(1), 98-111. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2016.0107

Ryazantsev, S., Bogdanov, I., Dobrokhleb, V., & Lukyanets, A. (2017). Migration from central Asian countries to Russia and Kazakhstan in the context of integration processes in the Eurasian Economic Union Format. Central Asia & the Caucasus, 18(1), 39-49.

Sadikov, R. R. (2016). ‘Pagan' religions in the Republic of Bashkortostan. Proceedings of Kuzeev Institute for Ethnological Studies, 2, 101-106.

Safin, F. G., Mukhtasarova, E. A., & Khaliulina, A. I. (2018). Ethnodemographic and ethnolinguistic problems of the Chuvash population of Bashkortostan. Bulletin of the Chuvash University, 4, 163.

Safiullin, R. G., Afanasyev, А. К., Safiullina, R. M., & Safiullin, М. R. (2017). The impact of migration on human capital development in the Republic of Bashkortostan. In Demographic potential of the EEU countries: 8th Ural Demographic Forum (vol. 2, pp. 352-359). Yekaterinburg: Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Science.

Sardadvar, S., & Vakulenko, E. (2017). A model of interregional migration under the presence of natural resources: Theory and evidence from Russia. The Annals of Regional Science, 59(2), 535-569. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-017-0844-3

Sardadvar, S., & Vakulenko, E. (2020). Estimating and interpreting internal migration flows in Russia by accounting for network effects. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 69, 100685. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2019.01.007

Schachner, M. K., He, J., Heizmann, B., & Van de Vijver, F. J. (2017). Acculturation and school adjustment of immigrant youth in six European countries: Findings from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). Frontiers in psychology, 8, 649. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00649

Syzdykova, Z., Medvedev, N., Suleymanova, S., Nazarova, E., & Volokh, V. (2020). Governance of cross-border migration in Asia. Space & Culture, India, 7(4), 264-273. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v7i4.568

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (2020). Population division. Retrieved March 3, 2021, from https://www.un.org/development/desa/pd/

Urzúa, A., Ferrer, R., Gaete, V. C., Aragón, D. N., Labraña, I. R., & Poblete, B. T. (2017). The influence of acculturation strategies in quality of life by immigrants in Northern Chile. Quality of Life Research, 26(3), 717-726. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-016-1470-8

Vlasova, L. V. (2005). The phonetic and lexical systems in the sub-dialects of the Chuvash people from the Trans-Ural region of Bashkortostan. Comparative historical research. Synopsis of a thesis for academic degree of the Cand. Sc. Philology.

Zhanbossinova, A. S., Karibaev, M., Atantayeva, B., Kulshanova, A., & Shaimerdenova, M. (2019). Socio-cultural adaptation of repatriates of East Kazakhstan and migration attitudes of the Kazakhs of Mongolia. Space & Culture, India, 7(1), 154-169. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v7i1.414




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/684

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies  E-ISSN: 2149-1291

Copyright © Center for Ethnic and Cultural Studies (CECS) Publishing Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ejecs.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank  EBSCO HostCrossRef DOI – EScience Press

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1d/Gal... News & Views: Analyzing the DOAJ - Delta ThinkICI Journals Master Listerihplus hashtag on TwitterProQuest (@ProQuest) | Twitter