Problems with the Policy Implementation of Learning Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia: A Retrospective Analysis for Post-Pandemic Policy

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online learning policies, policy problems, policy recommendations, the covid-19 pandemic, education in Indonesia


This study aimed to describe the results of research related to problems in the implementation of online learning policies during the COVID-19 pandemic and what the recommendations of researchers are for post-pandemic learning policies. This study used a qualitative approach with the documentation method as the data collector. The source of this research data comes from the publication of research results in the ERIC library and was indexed by Scopus for the period 2020–2021 (during the COVID-19 pandemic). The results of the study indicated that the aspects that were problematic in the implementation of online learning policies included: (a) pedagogic competence and technology mastery of educators; (b) student readiness and ability; (c) education stakeholder support; and (d) supporting facilities and infrastructure. So, to optimize the results and quality of learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic, it is necessary to take the following post-pandemic policy: (a) increasing the capacity of educators (in designing and mastering technology); (b) optimizing the support of educational stakeholders through socialization; (c) equitable distribution of student readiness in distance learning; and (d) improvement of supporting facilities and infrastructure.


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Author Biography

Andi Arif Rifa'i, UIN Raden Mas Said Surakarta (State Islamic University of Raden Mas Said Surakarta)

Andi Arif Rifa'i is currently a lecturer at Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Raden Mas Said Surakarta. In addition, he is also active in academic activities such as reviewing journal articles for several Scopus and WoS-indexed journals as well as national journals. In the field of education, he earned a bachelor's degree from the Malang State Islamic University in 2004. Universitas Negeri Malang (Malang State University) awarded him a master's degree in education management in 2007. He received his Doctor of Education degree in education administration from Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI), Bandung, in 2018.


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How to Cite

Rifa’i, A. A. (2023). Problems with the Policy Implementation of Learning Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia: A Retrospective Analysis for Post-Pandemic Policy. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 10(1), 84–97.



Original Manuscript
Received 2022-02-24
Accepted 2023-01-14
Published 2023-01-26