Thoughts on Incivility: A Preliminary Study to Identify Uncivil Behavior in Indonesian Higher Education


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Authors

  • Ani Cahyadi Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Faculty, Universitas Islam Negeri Antasari, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
  • Hendryadi Hendryadi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia Jakarta
  • Suryani Suryani Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Islamic State Institute of Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/593

Keywords:

classroom incivility, Indonesia, preliminary research, uncivil behavior.

Abstract

This preliminary study aims to identify an item list of uncivil behaviors in the Indonesian educational environment. The study comprises three phases: first, a panel of experts assessed each item to ensure their content validity for items pool. The second phase used a cross-sectional design and convenience sampling to recruit 524 students and faculty members in seven provinces in Indonesia using an online survey. The third phase involved ten students from the second phase and several faculty representatives were randomly selected to complete the open-ended questionnaire. Principal component analysis (PCA) identified four factors, including disregard for instructors/annoyances, disrespect for others (verbal and non-verbal), misconduct and integrity violation, and use of cell phones. Furthermore, the results indicate that "getting up during a class,leaving and returning,” “arriving late and/or leaving early," “not paying attention in the class,” “texting,” “packing books before the class is dismissed,” “cheating during an exam,” and “sleeping during the class” were the top seven highest recurring behaviors. This study provides tentative support for a preliminary scale in identifying uncivil behavior among college populations in Indonesia.

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Author Biographies

Ani Cahyadi, Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Faculty, Universitas Islam Negeri Antasari, Banjarmasin, Indonesia

Dr. Ani Cahyadi is a Senior Lecturer in the Islamic State University (UIN) Antasari, Banjarmasin, Indonesia. His area of interest is education technology, learning management system, and religious education. Email: anicahyadi@uin-antasari.ac.id

Hendryadi Hendryadi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia Jakarta

Hendryadi is a lecturer at Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia. His current research interests are Islamic work ethics, leadership, workplace incivility, and quantitative research methods. Email: hendry.basrah@gmail.com

Suryani Suryani, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Islamic State Institute of Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia

Dr. Suryani is an Associate Professor at the Islamic State Institute of Lhokseumawe. Her research interests include organizational culture, leadership, and ethics from the Islamic perspective. Email: suryani.uin@gmail.com

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Published

2020-12-01

How to Cite

Cahyadi, A., Hendryadi, H., & Suryani, S. (2020). Thoughts on Incivility: A Preliminary Study to Identify Uncivil Behavior in Indonesian Higher Education. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 8(1), 129–142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/593

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