The Role of Pedagogical Documentation in Early Childhood Education in Indonesia

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Pedagogical documentation, children's semantic memory, observed activities, skills and qualities, Learning environment


Considering the significance of pedagogical documentation in the early childhood education/care system, the current study examines the influence of pedagogical documentation on children's semantic memory, observed activities and evaluated skills and qualities per their teachers and caretakers. This study also examines the interactive effect of the learning environment with pedagogical documentation to enhance children's semantic memory, observed activities, and evaluated skills and qualities. A mixed-method approach has been utilized to examine the proposed associations. Learning events were organized for children aged 36 to 72 months in the kindergartens and preschools in Mataram, Indonesia. After four weeks of observations, the teachers and caretakers of the children recorded their responses regarding children's semantic memory, observed activities, skills, and qualities. The data were analyzed using SmartPLS 3.0 software. The results showed a significant increase in children's semantic memory, evaluated skills and qualities, and a positive change in their routine activities. Simultaneously, results also presented the significant role of the learning environment in enhancing positive outcomes of the pedagogical documentation in the early childhood education/care system.


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Author Biography

Siti Zaenab, IAHN Gde Pudja Mataram

Siti Zaenab (Sita) completed her Diploma II Program (PGSLTP) from IKIP Makassar in 1990, undergraduate degree graduated in 2003, master’s degree graduated from Universitas Negeri Surabaya in September 2008, and doctoral degree graduated from Universitas Negeri Malang in 2012. Currently, she is a lecturer at IAHN Gde Pudja, Mataram. She became a delegate for doctoral students at the University of Malaya, Open University Multimedia Malaysia, and Shatec Singapore, as well as conducted research on the Sandwich Program at KTLV Leiden University for 3 months, and conducted Visiting Professor at Manila University, Philippines.


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How to Cite

Zaenab, S. (2022). The Role of Pedagogical Documentation in Early Childhood Education in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 9(3), 194–211.



Original Manuscript