Sustainable Community Development as a Main Motive of Good Governance System and Ethical Presentation in a Developing Nation

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Power disruptions, sustainable community development, public sector performance, social connections, governance factors


Sustainable development has been given special attention worldwide regarding the environment and preservation of natural resources. However, sustainable community development remains a little-explored area, specifically concerning power-dominant economies and as an ethical representation of managing a country's law and order situations. Therefore, the current study aims to determine the influence of power disruptions, that is, human and governance factors, on sustainable community development directly and indirectly via an underlying mechanism of public sector performance. To achieve the study objectives, the study adopted a quantitative research methodology with a random sampling technique by surveying 720 citizens of Indonesia. A statistical data analysis using structural equation modeling in SmartPLS showed that power disruptions negatively impacted public sector performance, leading to underdeveloped communities. The results also showed that high levels of social connections between public sector employees and citizens mitigated the negative influence of power disruptions on public sector performance leading to the sustainable development of culture and community. The current study adds value to the government science literature by combining the critical issue of power disruptions and sustainable community development in a single consolidated framework that considers the ethics of governing a nation. The results will also help policymakers and project-executing agencies discourage power disruptions and find solutions to damages caused at the planning stages.


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Author Biographies

Hadi Prabowo, Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri

Hadi Prabowo is a lecturer and Rector of Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, Indonesia. He earned a bachelor's degree from Universitas Diponegoro in 1985, a master’s degree in management in 2008 at Universitas Islam Indonesia, and Doctoral Degree in Governance Science in 2019 at Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jakarta, Indonesia. His main research topic is governance sciences and administration.

Hyronimus Rowa, Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri

Hyronimus Rowa is currently vice-rector of academic affairs at the Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, Indonesia. He earned a Bachelor's Degree at Institut Ilmu Pemerintahan, Jakarta, Indonesia, in 1995, majoring in Political Science, a Master's Degree in Social Sciences and Doctoral Degree in Governance Sciences, both from Universitas Padjajaran, Bandung, Indonesia, in 1988 and 2009. His main research focus is Political Sciences.

Yudi Rusfiana, Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri

Yudi Rusfiana is the Head of the Institute for Educational Development and Internal Quality Assurance of Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, Indonesia. He earned a bachelor’s degree at Universitas Langlangbuana, Bandung, Indonesia, in 1997, majoring in Governance Science, a master’s degree in administration sciences at Universitas Padjajaran, Bandung, Indonesia, in 2004, and Doctoral Degree in Social and Political Sciences in 2014 at Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. He is regarded as one of Indonesia's premier social and political researchers.


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How to Cite

Prabowo, H., Rowa, H., & Rusfiana, Y. (2023). Sustainable Community Development as a Main Motive of Good Governance System and Ethical Presentation in a Developing Nation. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 10(1), 182–198.



Original Manuscript
Received 2023-02-04
Accepted 2023-02-25
Published 2023-03-01