Transmissions And Transformations: Comparing Danish Late-generation Ethnicity In America And Argentina


Abstract views: 314 / PDF downloads: 327

Authors

  • Pernille Skovgaard Christensen Aalborg University
  • Trine Lund Thomsen Aalborg University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/251

Keywords:

biographical narratives, Danishness, ethnic identity, ethnic practices, intergenerational transmission, late-generation ethnics.

Abstract

This article explores the ethnic practices and self-perceptions of later generations of Danish immigrant descendants in the USA and Argentina. Through investigating their involvement in ethnic organisations and expressions of self-identification, it engages in a concurrent debate on how ethnicity appears in those, perhaps, final stages. The comparison between later generation ethnics in the two countries shows remarkable differences, despite similar backgrounds and comparable generational stages. The study also shows, however, that possibilities for exploring ethnicity seem crucial to later self-identification. Ultimately, therefore, this seems to play a central role in defining the contours of the acculturation process through the generations.        

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Pernille Skovgaard Christensen, Aalborg University

PhD scholar

Centre for Migration and Diversity

Department of Culture and Global Studies

Trine Lund Thomsen, Aalborg University

Associate Professor,

Centre for the Study of Migration and Diversity

Department of Culture and Global Studies

References

Alba, R. D. (1990). Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Berry, J. W. (1989). Psychology of acculturation. In Berman, J. J. (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1989: Cross-cultural perspectives Current theory and research in motivation, 37. (pp. 201–234). Lincoln, NE, US: University of Nebraska Press.

Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, Adaptation and Acculturation. Applied Psychology, 46 (1), 5–34. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2006.00256.x. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.1997.tb01087.x

Bertaux, D. & Thompson, P. (2009). Introduction. In D. Berteaux & P. Thompson (Eds.), Between Generations – Family Models, Myths and Memory (pp.1-12). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351314084-1

Bjerg, M. M. (1996). Generations of Danishness in the Argentine Pampas. In I. Svanberg (Ed.), Ethnicity, Minorities and Cultural Encounters. Uppsala: Centre for Multiethnic Research.

Blanck, D. (2014). A Mixture of People with Different Roots: Swedish Immigrants in the American Ethno-Racial Hierarchies. Journal of American Ethnic History, 33 (3), 37-55. doi: 10.5406/jamerethnhist.33.3.0037 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5406/jamerethnhist.33.3.0037

Bo, I. G., Christensen, A. & Thomsen, T. L. (2016). Narrativ Forskning: Tilgange og Metoder. In I.G. Bo, A. Christensen & T.L. Thomsen (Eds.), Narrativ Forskning: tilgange og Metoder (pp. 13-33). Latvia: Hans Reitzels Forlag

Bourdieu, P. (1986): The Forms of Capital. Translated to English by R. Nice. I J.G. Richardson (Ed.): Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education (pp. 241-258). New York: Greenwood Press.

Brøndal, J. (2014): ‘”The Fairest among the So-Called White Races”: Portrayals of Scandinavian Americans in the Filiopiestistic and Nativist Literature of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries’. Journal of American Ethnic History, 33 (3), 5-37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5406/jamerethnhist.33.3.0005

Bækhøj, L. (1948). Danske i Argentina. Copenhagen: Det Danske Forlag.

Douma, M. J. (2014). How Dutch Americans Stayed Dutch: An Historical Perspective on Ethnic Identities. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Gans, H. J. (2014). The coming darkness of late-generation European American ethnicity’. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 37 (5), 1-9. doi: 10.1080/01419870.2013.827796 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2014.882517

Gans, H. J. (2015). The end of late-generation European ethnicity in America? Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38 (3), 418–429. doi: 10.1080/01419870.2015.967707 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2015.967707

Glaser, B. G. & Strauss, A. L. (2012): The Discovery of Grounded Theory – Strategies for Qualitative Research. New Brunswick, USA: Transaction Publishers

Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma; Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Englewood Cliffs, N. J: Prentice Hall

Hvidt, K. (1976). Danske Veje Vestpå – en bog om udvandringen til Amerika. Copenhagen: Politikens Forlag.

Jackson, E. (2019). The Scandinavians in Chicago: The Origins of White Privilege in Modern America. University of Illinois Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5406/j.ctv9b2wm9

Jacobson, M. F. (2006). Roots Too: White Ethnic Revival in Post–Civil Rights America. UK: Harvard University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674039063

Jenkins, R. (2008). Rethinking Ethnicity: Arguments and Explorations. London: SAGE Publications Ltd

Jenkins, R. (2011). Being Danish: Paradoxes of Identity in Everyday Life. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press

Jeppesen, T. G. (2010). Skandinaviske efterkommere i USA: Etniske grupper eller kerne-amerikanere? Odense: Odense Bys Museer.

Jiménez, T. R. (2010). “Affiliative Ethnic Identity: A More Elastic link between Ethnic Ancestry and Culture.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 33(10), 1756-1775. doi: 10.1080/01419871003678551 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01419871003678551

Kjær, G. (1991). Landet bag hav. Om Argentina og om danskere og deres efterkommere i Argentina. Odense: Odense Universitetsforlag.

Levitt, P. (2009). Roots and Routes: Understanding the Lives of the Second Generation Transnationally. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35 (7), 1125-1242. doi: 10.1080/13691830903006309. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13691830903006309

MacIntosh, J. (1993). Danskere i Midtvesten: Elk Horn-Kimballton bosættelsen 1870-1925. Akademisk Forlag

Miller, R. L. (2000). Researching Life Stories and Family Histories. Trowbridge, GB: Sage Publications Ltd. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781849209830

Nagel, J. (1994). Constructing Ethnicity: Creating and Recreating Ethnic Identity and Culture. Social Problems, 41 (1), 152-176. doi: 10.2307/3096847 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/sp.1994.41.1.03x0430n

Nielsen, N. K. (2005). Steder i Europa: Omstridte byer, grænser og regioner. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Phinney, J. S. & Ong, A. D. (2007). Conceptualisation and Measurement of Ethnic Identity: Current Status and Future Directions. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 54 (3), 271-281. doi: 10.1037/0022-0167.54.3.271 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.54.3.271

Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community. US: Simon & Schuster. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/358916.361990

Redfield, R., Linton, R., & Herskovits, M. J. (1936). Memorandum on the study of acculturation. American Anthropologist, 38 (1), 149-152 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1936.38.1.02a00330

Ricoeur, P. (1984). Time and Narrative I-III. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Rosenthal, G. (1993). Reconstruction of life stories: Principles of selection in generating stories for narrative biographical interviews. The Narrative Study of Lives, 1 (1) 59-91

Weber, M. (1978). Economy and Society, ed. G. Roth and C. Wittich. Berkely: University of California Press

Waters, M. C. (1990). Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

Waters, M. C. (2014): Ethnic identities in the future: the possible effects of mass immigration and genetic testing. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 37 (5), 766-769. doi: 10.1080/01419870.2013.871054 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2013.871054

Øverland, O. (2000). Immigrant Minds, American Identities: Making the United States Home, 1870-1930. Urbana & Chicago: University of Illinois Press

Downloads

Published

2019-12-18

How to Cite

Christensen, P. S., & Thomsen, T. L. (2019). Transmissions And Transformations: Comparing Danish Late-generation Ethnicity In America And Argentina. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 6(3), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/251

Issue

Section

Original Manuscript