Interactive Effects of Stoicism and Religious Coping on Psychological Distress, Fatigue and Intercultural Communication: Muslim Health Workers in Bali

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  • A Akrim Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
  • Rudianto Rudianto Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
  • Abrar Adhani Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara



Bali, intercultural communication, Muslim health workers, physical fatigue, psychological distress, self-ownership theory.


The rapid transmission of Covid-19 posed threats and challenges for people all around the world. Based on self-ownership theory, the current study tested the interactive effect of positive religious coping and stoicism in decreasing psychological distress and physical fatigue and increasing intercultural communication among Muslim health workers. This study advances the body of literature regarding coping mechanisms in the form of stoic believes and religion to decrease the stressors during disastrous situations like the COVID-19. Using a longitudinal field survey, data were collected from 243 Muslim health workers performing their duties at various public and private hospitals and medical centers in Bali, Indonesia. Data were analyzed using SmartPLS software. The results revealed that interactive effects of positive religious coping with stoicism helped decrease psychological stress and physical fatigue and increase intercultural communication among Muslim health workers during Covid-19. The study contributed to the body of knowledge regarding the role of religious practices and stoicism in building coping mechanisms among Muslim health workers to sustain themselves in a challenging environment.


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How to Cite

Akrim, A., Rudianto, R., & Adhani, A. (2021). Interactive Effects of Stoicism and Religious Coping on Psychological Distress, Fatigue and Intercultural Communication: Muslim Health Workers in Bali. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 8(4), 214–237.



Original Manuscript
Received 2021-08-02
Accepted 2021-08-31
Published 2021-09-06