Rawls’s Theory of Justice and its Relevance in Analyzing Injustice on Ethnic Phenomenon
Abstract views: 1012 / PDF downloads: 954
Keywords:Ethnic Conflict, Injustice, justice, theory
AbstractThe theory of justice explained by John Rawls is often used by researchers in a limited way and only to explain the problem of economic inequality which in turn raises conflict in society. Whereas, the theory of justice proposed by Rawls is very complex and comprehensive. Not only able to explain injustice in an economic context, precisely the Rawls theory of justice can be used to analyze the issue of ethnic injustice both in various aspects. By using a qualitative method based on literature review this paper aims to explore Rawls's theory of justice and its relevance in Analyzing Injustice on Ethnic Phenomenon. Finally, this paper also provide the recommendations to researchers who are concerned with the issue of ethnic conflict to be able to use Rawls's theory of justice as an alternative analysis tool capable of explaining injustice in ethnic issues.
Abbink, J. (2006). Ethnicity and conflict generation in Ethiopia: Some problems and prospects of ethno-regional federalism. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 24(3). 389-413. https://doi.org/10.1080/02589000600976729 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02589000600976729
Aguswandi, W. Z. (2008). From politics to arms to politics Again: The transition of Gerakan Acheh Merdeka (Free Aceh Movement-GAM). Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management. Berlin, Germany.
Allaro, H. B. (2019). The effect of Tigray People’s Liberation Front ethnic federalism on Ethiopian democratic uncertainty and political violence. Journal of International Politics, 1(3), 76-88.
Alubo, O. (2009). Citizenship and identity politics in Nigeria. In Conference Proceedings on Citizenship and Identity Politics in Nigeria, Lagos (pp.1-4). CLEEN Foundation,
American Sociological Association. (2007). Race, ethnicity, and the criminal justice system. ASA Series on How Race and Ethnicity Matter. Department of Research and Development.
Bakalar, B. (2018). Book Review: Justice on both sides: Transforming education through restorative justice. American Journal of Qualitative Research, 2(2), 145-149.
Balasuriya, M. (2009). The rise and fall of the LTTE. Asian Network on Conflict Research.
Berghe, V.D. (1981). The ethnic phenomenon. Elsevier.
Berhe, A. (2008). A political history of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (1975-1991): Revolt, ideology and mobilization in Ethiopia. Vrije Universiteit. http://www.harep.org/Africa/7219.pdf
Brown, G. (2005). Horizontal inequalities, ethnic separatism and violent conflict: The case of Aceh, Indonesia. Human Development Report Office. UNDP.
Celik, A. B. (2012). Ethnopolitical conflict in Turkey: From the denial of Kurds to peaceful co-existence? In D. Landis & R.D. Albert (Eds.), Handbook of ethnic conflict: International perspectives, International and Cultural Psychology (pp. 241-260). Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-0448-4_10
De Votta, N. (2003). Sri Lanka’s Political Decay: Analyzing the October 2000 and December 2001 parliamentary elections. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics. 41(2), 115-142. https://doi.org/10.1080/14662040412331310121 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14662040412331310121
Duffy T. M. (2003). The geography of ethnic violence: Identity, interests, and the indivisibility of territory. Princeton University Press.
Fuller, G.E., & Starr, S.F. (2011). The Xinjiang Problem. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute. John Hopkins University. https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/30301/01_Xinjiang_Problem.pdf
Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures. Free Press.
Nozick, R. (1974). Anarchy, state, and utopia. Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
Mohammadzadeh, H. (2010) The type of ethnically among Kurdish people [Doctoral dissertation, Allame Tababai University].
Okin, S.M. (1989). Justice, gender, and the family. Basic Books, Inc.
Rawls, J. (1971). A theory of justice. Harvard University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674042605
Rawls, J. (1993). Political liberalism. Columbia University Press.
Rawls, J. (1999). The law of people. Harvard University Press.
Rawls, J. (1999). A theory of justice: Revised edition. Harvard University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674042582
Rawls, J. (2001). Justice as fairness: A restatement. Harvard University Press.
Rayila, M. (2011). The pain of a nation: The invisibility of Uyghurs in China proper. The Equal Rights Review, 6, 44-57. https://www.upr-info.org/followup/assessments/session17/china/ China-BAI-annex.pdf
Rogg, I. & Rimscha, H. (2007). The Kurds as parties to and victims of conflicts in Iraq. International Review of the Red Cross, 89(868), 823-842. https://doi.org/ 10.1017/S1816383108000143 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1816383108000143
Sari, C.M.A. (2018). The imagined community of Indonesia: Pertentangan Nasionalisme Indonesia Vs Etnonasionalisme Bangsa Aceh Dalam Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM). Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science, 3(2), 131-152. https://journal.ar-raniry.ac.id/index.php/jai/article/view/442/229
Sari, C.M.A., Hasan, H., Syahbandir, M., & Efendi, E, (2019). The internalisation process and pattern on ideology ethnonationalism from five leaders of the Free Aceh Movement to their children. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. 7(8),90-104. https://ijicc.net/images/vol7iss8/7805_Sari_2019_E_R.pdf
Schulze, K. E. (2004). The Free Aceh Movement (GAM): Anatomy of a separatist organization. East-West Center Washington. https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/ 10125/3514/PS002.pdf?sequence=1
Sen, A, K. (2002). Open and closed impartiality. The Journal of Philosophy, 99(9), 445-469. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3655683
Shedd, C, & Hagan, J. (2006). Toward a developmental and comparative conflict theory of race, ethnicity, and perceptions of criminal injustice. In The many colors of crime: Inequalities of race, ethnicity, and crime in America (pp, 313-333), NYU Press. http://web.stanford.edu/~mldauber/workshop/Shedd_HaganAugust2006.pdf DOI: https://doi.org/10.18574/nyu/9780814768549.003.0021
Smith, A. D. (2001). Nationalism: Theory, ideology, history. Polity Press.
Smith, A. L. (2002). Aceh: Democratic times, authoritarian solutions. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 4(2), 68-89. http://www.nzasia.org.nz/downloads/NZJAS-Dec02/Smith.pdf
Thaib, L. (2017) Aceh: The case for political integration. Sejarah: Journal of the Department of History, 13(13), 223-244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22452/sejarah.vol13no13.9
Vanhanen, T. (2012). Ethnic conflicts: Their biological roots in ethnic nepotism. Ulster Institute for Social Research.
Wolff, S. (2007). Ethnic conflict: A global perspective. Oxford University Press.
Yass, S. (2014). Sri Lanka and the Tamil Tigers: Conflict and legitimacy. Military and Strategic Affairs, 6(2), 65-82.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
By submitting a manuscript to JECS, authors agree to transfer without charge the following rights to JECS upon acceptance of the manuscript: first worldwide publication rights and the right for JECS to grant permissions as JECS editors judge appropriate for the redistribution of the article, its abstract, and its metadata in professional indexing and reference services. Any revenues from such redistribution are used solely to support the continued publication and distribution of articles.