Create Teaching Creativity through Training Management, Effectiveness Training, and Teacher Quality in the Covid-19 Pandemic

Abstract views: 985 / PDF downloads: 477




teacher, creativity, quality, training, management, effectiveness, Indonesia


Using an online survey, the study examined creativity in adapting the teaching and learning model during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The research used an online survey of civil servant teachers, honorary teachers, and contract teachers, using a non-probability sample. The responses of 417 respondents were analyze using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Amos. The learning system was carried out remotely using information technology. The study found that management, efficiency, quality, increased during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study argues that paying attention to the suitability of methods, training participants, quality of content, and improving impacts teaching-and-learning effectiveness.


Download data is not yet available.


Amanda, M. P., Humaedi, S., & Santoso, M. B. (2017). Penyalahgunaan narkoba di kalangan remaja [Adolescent substance abuse]. Prosiding Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 129–389. DOI:

Analoui, F. (1994). Training and development. Journal of Management Development, 13(8), 61–72. DOI:

Araujo, M. C., Carneiro, P., Cruz-Aguayo, Y., & Schady, N. (2016). Teacher quality and learning outcomes in kindergarten. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1(1), 11-17. DOI:

Baer, J. (2020). Teaching creativity. In S. Pritzker & M. Runco (Eds.), Reference module in neuroscience and biobehavioral psychology: Encyclopedia of creativity (3rd ed., pp. 540-546). Academic Press. DOI:

Barro, R. J. (2001). Human capital and growth. American Economic Review, 91(2), 12-17. DOI:

Berg, J. H., Carver, C. L., & Mangin, M. M. (2014). Teacher leader model standards: Implications for preparation, policy, and practice. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 9(2), 195-217. DOI:

Bickmore, D. L., & Bickmore, S. T. (2010). A multifaceted approach to teacher induction. Teaching & Teacher Education, 26(4), 1006-1014. DOI:

Bohacek, R., & Kapicka, M. (2008). Optimal human capital policies. Journal of Monetary Economics, 55(1), 1–16. DOI:

Brent, E., & Leedy, P. D. (1990). Practical research: Planning and design. Teaching Sociology, 18(2), 248-249. DOI:

Brinkman, D. J. (2010). Teaching creatively and teaching for creativity. Arts Education Policy Review, 111(2), 48-50. DOI:

Brown, S., Gray, D., McHardy, J., & Taylor, K. (2015). Employee trust and workplace performance. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 12(25), 361-378. DOI:

Byrne, B. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: basic concepts, applications, and programming (multivariate applications series). New York: Taylor & Francis Group, 396(1), 7384.

Chatani, K. (2012). Human capital and economic development. In H. Hill, M. Khan, & J. Zhuang (Eds.), Diagnosing the Indonesian economy: Toward inclusive and green growth (pp. 275-300). Anthem Press. DOI:

Christiansen, T., Evans, K. R., Schlacter, J. L., & Wolfe, W. G. (1996). Training differences between services and goods firms: Impact on performance, satisfaction, and commitment. Journal of Professional Services Marketing, 15(1), 47–70. DOI:

Daniel, S. J. (2020). Education and the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospects, 49, 91-96. DOI:

Dehaan, R. L. (2009). Teaching creativity and inventive problem solving in science. CBE Life Sciences Education, 8(3), 172-181. DOI:

Dinda, S. (2014). Inclusive growth through creation of human and social capital. International Journal of Social Economics, 41(10), 878–895. DOI:

Dobson, S. (1985). Teacher quality. British Journal of In-Service Education, 11(3), 145-153. DOI:

Dwyer, C. A., & Stufflebeam, D. (2013). Teacher evaluation. In D. C. Berliner & R. C. Calfee (Eds.), Handbook of educational psychology. Routledge. DOI:

Erffmeyer, R. C., & Johnson, D. A. (1997). The future of sales training: Making choices among six distance education methods. Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, 12(3–4), 185–195. DOI:

Favale, T., Soro, F., Trevisan, M., Drago, I., & Mellia, M. (2020). Campus traffic and e-Learning during COVID-19 pandemic. Computer Networks, 176. DOI:

Feng, L., & Sass, T. R. (2017). Teacher quality and teacher mobility. Education Finance & Policy, 12(3), 396-418. DOI:

Florea, N. M., & Hurjui, E. (2015). Critical thinking in elementary school children. Procedia - Social & Behavioral Sciences, 180, 565-572. DOI:

Flournoy, E., Turner, G., & Combs, D. (2000). Innovative teaching. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 19(4), 36-37. DOI:

Gagné, M. (2009). A model of knowledge-sharing motivation. Human Resource Management, 48(4), 571-589. DOI:

Goldhaber, D., & Anthony, E. (2003). Indicators of Teacher Quality. ERIC Digest.

Goodyear, P. (2015). Teaching as design. HERDSA Review of Higher Education, 2, 27-50.

Guskey, T. R. (2002). Professional development and teacher change. Teachers & Teaching: Theory and Practice, 8(3), 381-391. DOI:

Gustina, C., & Sweet, R. (2014). Creatives teaching creativity. International Journal of Art & Design Education, 33(1), 46–54. DOI:

Hannah, L. (1987). Human capital. Oxford Review of Education, 13(2), 177-181. DOI:

Harris, D. N., & Sass, T. R. (2011). Teacher training, teacher quality and student achievement. Journal of Public Economics, 8(23), 798-812. DOI:

Hodges, G. C. (2005). Creativity in education. English in Education, 39(3), 47-61. DOI:

Hollins, E. R. (2011). Teacher preparation for quality teaching. Journal of Teacher Education, 9(11), 395-407. DOI:

Jeffrey, B., & Craft, A. (2004). Teaching creatively and teaching for creativity: Distinctions and relationships. Educational Studies, 30(1), 77–87. DOI:

Johnson, D. P. (1962). Teacher effectiveness. Journal of Teacher Education, 13(1), 102-102. DOI:

Joll, C., Mckenna, C., Mcnabb, R., Shorey, J., Joll, C., Mckenna, C., Mcnabb, R., & Shorey, J. (2019). Human capital theory. In C. Joll, C. Mckenna, R. Mcnabb, & J. Shorey (Eds.), Developments in labour market analysis. Routledge. DOI:

Juandi, A., & Sontani, U. T. (2017). Keterampilan dan kreativitas mengajar guru sebagai determinan terhadap prestasi belajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran, 2(2), 130. DOI:

Juklová, K. (2015). Reflection in prospective teacher training. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 891-896. DOI:

Karwowski, M., Gralewski, J., Lebuda, I., & Wiśniewska, E. (2007). Creative teaching of creativity teachers: Polish perspective. Thinking Skills & Creativity, 2(1), 57–61. DOI:

Ladson-Billings, G. (1995). Toward a theory of culturally relevant pedagogy. American Educational Research Journal, 24(12), 465-491. DOI:

Livingston, L. (2010). Teaching creativity in higher education. Arts Education Policy Review, 111(2), 59–62. DOI:

Mohammad, N., Yasin, R. M., & Ana. (2015). creative teaching in design and technology curriculum: Using Structural Equation Modeling. Procedia - Social & Behavioral Sciences, 204(2014), 240–246. DOI:

Muhson, A. (2004). Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Guru: Sebuah Harapan. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pendidikan, 1(2), 90–98. DOI:

Nigam, K., & Ghani, R. (2000). Analyzing the effectiveness and applicability of co-training. In Proceedings of the ninth international conference on information and knowledge management (pp. 86-93). Association for Computing Machinery. DOI:

Ogunkola, B. J., & Archer-Bradshaw, R. E. (2013). Teacher quality indicators as predictors of instructional assessment practices in science classrooms in secondary schools in Barbados. Research in Science Education, 43(1), 3–31. DOI:

Pencheon, D., & Koh, Y. M. (2000). Leadership and motivation. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 321(7256), S2-S7256. DOI:

Perdue, J., Ninemeier, J. D., & Woods, R. H. (2002). Training methods for specific objectives: Preferences of managers in private clubs. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 14(3), 114–119. DOI:

Pettijohn, L. S., & Pettijohn, C. E. (1994). Retail sales training: Practices and prescriptions. Journal of Services Marketing, 8(3), 17–26. DOI:

Sachs, J. (2001). Teacher professional identity: Competing discourses, competing outcomes. Journal of Education Policy, 9(11), 149-161. DOI:

Schipper, L. (1984). Innovative teaching. Improving College & University Teaching, 32(1), 54-57. DOI:

Scott, G., Leritz, L. E., & Mumford, M. D. (2004). The effectiveness of creativity training: A quantitative review. In Creativity Research Journal, 15(9), 361-388. DOI:

Simonton, D. K. (2012). Teaching Creativity: Current Findings, Trends, and Controversies in the Psychology of Creativity. Journal of Psychology, 39(3), 217–222. DOI:

Šlaus, I., & Jacobs, G. (2011). Human capital and sustainability. Sustainability, 3(1), 97-154. DOI:

Sternberg, R. J. (2003). Creative thinking in the classroom. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 14(35), 325-338. DOI:

Sternberg, R. J. (2010). Teaching for creativity. In R. Beghetto & J. Kaufman (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom (pp. 394-414). Cambridge University Press. DOI:

Tamsah, H., Ansar, Ilyas, G., Yusriadi, Y., & Farida, U. (2020). Training, Knowledge Sharing, and Quality of Work-Life on Civil Servants Performance in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(3), 163–176. DOI:

Tan, E. (2014). Human capital theory: A holistic criticism. Review of Educational Research, 84(3), 411-445. DOI:

Thomas, R. J., & Cheese, P. (2005). Leadership: Experience is the best teacher. Strategy & Leadership, 33(3), 24-29. DOI:

Tikly, L., & Barrett, A. M. (2011). Social justice, capabilities and the quality of education in low income countries. International Journal of Educational Development, 31(1), 3–14. DOI:

Ucus, S. (2015). Elementary school teachers’ views on game-based learning as a teaching method. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 401-409. DOI:

Ur, P. (1992). Teacher learning. ELT Journal, 46(1) 56-61. DOI:

Van Bruggen, J. (2005). Theory and practice of online learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(75), 111-120. DOI:

Van Der Klink, M. R., & Streumer, J. N. (2002). Effectiveness of on-the-job training. Journal of European Industrial Training, 22(19) 196-199. DOI:

Vorontsov, A., & Vorontsova, E. (2015). Innovative Education in Russia: The Basic Tendencies Analysis. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 214(1), 1147–1155. DOI:

Wagonhurst, C. (2002). Developing effective training programs.(Educational Update). Journal of Research Administration, XXXIII(II), 77–83.

West, D., & Blackman, D. (2015). Performance management in the public sector. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 74(1), 73-81. DOI:

Wheeler, S., & Wheeler, D. (2009). Using wikis to promote quality learning in teacher training. Learning, Media, and Technology, 34(1), 1-10. DOI:

Wilson, P. H., Strutton, D., & Farris, M. T. (2002). Investigating the perceptual aspect of sales training. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 22(2), 77–86.

Wiswall, M. (2013). The dynamics of teacher quality. Journal of Public Economics, 100, 61-78. DOI:

Wößmann, L. (2003). Specifying human capital. Journal of Economic Surveys, 17(3), 239-270. DOI:

Zacharias, T., Rahawarin, M. A., & Yusriadi, Y. (2021). Cultural Reconstruction and Organization Environment for Employee Performance. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 8(2), 296–315. DOI:

Zhao, P., Zhou, J., & Li, Q. (2017). Teacher education. In W. J. Morgan, Q. Gu, & F. Li (Eds.), Handbook of education in China: Handbooks of research on contemporary China series (pp. 140-168). Elgar Online. DOI:

Zulfija, M., Indira, O., & Elmira, U. (2013). The Professional Competence of Teachers in Inclusive Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 89(1), 549–554. DOI:




How to Cite

Yusriadi, Y. (2021). Create Teaching Creativity through Training Management, Effectiveness Training, and Teacher Quality in the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 8(4), 18–35.



Original Manuscript
Received 2021-04-04
Accepted 2021-07-17
Published 2021-08-06